WASHINGTON (AP) — Consumer spending slowed in April while inflation was up, but still far below the target set by the Federal Reserve.
The Commerce Department said Friday that spending increased 0.3 percent in April following a 1.1 percent surge in March that had been the largest increase in nearly a decade. Personal income growth, which had been lagging in recent months, jumped 0.5 percent in April.
Inflation, as measured by a gauge tied to consumer spending, increased 1.5 percent in April compared with a year ago, up slightly from a 1.4 percent 12-month change in April.
The Fed tries to manage interest rate policy to achieve annual price gains of 2 percent. However, through the first three months of this year, inflation fell farther from this goal.
President Donald Trump has argued that the slowdown in inflation shows that the Fed is keeping monetary policy too tight and should start cutting interest rates.
The Fed raised rates four times last year but then reversed course in January and has signaled that it plans to keep rates unchanged this year.
However, Trump has argued that the Fed’s policies are hurting the economy and the central bank should be slashing rates instead of keeping them steady.
Fed Chairman Jerome Powell and other Fed officials have attributed the slowdown in inflation to temporary factors which should reverse in coming months and have argued that the Fed’s wait-and-see approach on further changes in interest rates is appropriate given how low unemployment is currently.
The 0.5 percent gain in incomes followed three months of tiny changes and was the best showing since a 0.9 percent jump in December.
With incomes rising faster than spending, the saving rate increased to 6.2 percent of after-tax income in April, up from 6.1 percent in April.
The government reported Thursday that the overall economy, as measured by the gross domestic product, grew at a solid 3.1 percent rate in the January-March quarter.
But half of that gain was based on temporary factors that are expected to fade in the current April-June quarter.
Economists believe that consumer spending, which accounts for 70 percent of economic activity, will rebound this quarter after slowing in the first three months of the year but they still think overall GDP will slow to a growth rate of around 1.5 percent.
For April, spending on durable goods such as autos fell 0.8 percent after a 3.6 percent jump in March, while spending on nondurable goods such as food and clothing rose 0.7 percent. Spending on services such as utilities and doctor visits rose 0.3 percent.